STRUCTURE OF THE NIKITSKY BOTANICAL GARDENS – NATIONAL SCIENTIFIC CENTER

 

Director of Federal State Funded Institution of Science "The Labor Red Banner Order Nikita Botanical Gardens – National Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences", Corresponding Member of the RAS Yuri V. Plugatar, Doctor of Agricultural Sciences controls the work of scientific research departments in the following directions.

 

 

DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL ECOSYSTEMS

 

Head of the Department - Yuri V. Plugatar, Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Corresponding Member of the RAS.

Deputy Head of the Department - Nikolay B. Ermakov, Doctor of Biological Sciences.

 

Laboratory of Natural Ecosystems. "Cape Martyan" State Nature Reserve

Head of the laboratory - Natalia A. Bagrikova, Doctor of Biological Sciences.

Directions of research:

Comprehensive research on the assessment of the current state and dynamics of bioresources of territories and water areas of natural and transformed landscapes to substantiate proposals for the conservation and restoration of biodiversity in the Crimea and neighboring territories. Identification of factors and patterns of population and community dynamics.

Compilation and addition of biota lists, preparation of materials for the program of the National cadaster of objects of flora and fauna of the region.

Study of rare species, the structure of their populations; justification for including representatives of biota in the regional and Federal Red books.

Development of scientific bases for monitoring, conservation and restoration of rare and endangered species and communities.

Development of recommendations for forming a representative network of protected areas.

Classification and mapping of vegetation cover.

Assessment of the degree of synantropization and adventisation of ecosystems, the study of alien species.

 

State environmental inspection of “Cape Martyan” Nature Reserve

Chief inspector - Oleg N. Reznikov.

 

Sector of Hydro-biological Research and Protection of the water area of “Cape Martyan” Nature Reserve

Divisional manager - Oleg N. Reznikov.

 

Sector of Environmental Monitoring and Hydro-biological Studies

Divisional manager - Viktor N. Yegorov, Doctor of biological Sciences, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Conduction of hydro-botanical and hydro-ecological studies to assess, preserve and restore biological diversity, resources and habitats of organisms, optimize environmental management within the boundaries of natural and transformed coastal-marine territorial-water complexes, monitor biotic and abiotic components, and form ecological networks.

 

Laboratory of Flora and Vegetation

Head of the laboratory - Vladislav V. Korzhenevsky, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor.

 

Forest Science Laboratory

Head of the laboratory - Vladimir P. Koba, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor

 

Laboratory of Agroecology

Head of the laboratory – i/c Maksim L. Novitsky, Ph. D in Biology.

The main tasks are to develop methods for assessing soil and climatic conditions in order to determine the potential area of cultivation of ornamental woody and floral plants and optimal zones for placing fruit, subtropical, nut-bearing, medicinal and essential oil crops.

The main activities of the laboratory are:

- Assessment of soil and climate resources of the territory for rational placement of perennial plantings of fruit and ornamental crops.

- Development and implementation of technologies for reclamation of skeletal, sandy, saline, high-carbonate soils for gardens.

- Development and implementation of technologies for recultivation of sulfide-containing dumps of mine rocks for their landscaping and agricultural use.

- Study of the soils of the mountainous Crimea.

- Study of the influence of soil properties on the content of macro- and microelements in the fruits of subtropical fruit, medicinal and essential oil crops.

- Assessment of soil fertility of farms and personal plots for fruit crops, grapes and ornamental trees and shrubs.

 

Laboratory of Phytomonitoring

Head of the laboratory – Svetlana P. Korsakova, Doctor of Biological Sciences.

Research areas: organization of continuous monitoring of weather and climate conditions and reaction features of various plant life processes using modern equipment.

 

 

DEPARTMENT OF DENDROLOGY, FLORICULTURE AND LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE

 

Head of the Department - Svetlana Alekseevna Plugatar, Ph. D in Biology.

 

Laboratory of Dendrology, Park science and Landscape architecture

Head of the laboratory - Larisa D. Komar-Temnaya, Ph. D in Biology.

Research areas: introduction studies of ornamental tree and shrub plants.

Study of the form diversity and decorative features of introduced species of tree and shrub plants.

Study of rhythms of development and adaptive characteristics of tree and shrub plants during introduction on the Southern Coast of the Crimea.

 

Arboretum

Chief - Valentina F. Lobanovskaya.

 

Chief - Valentina F. Lobanovskaya

Divisional manager - Valentina F. Lobanovskaya.

 

Montedor and Primorsky Parks Sector

Divisional manager - Alexander K. Sharmagiy.

 

Sector of Servicing Succulents and Ornamental Plants Collections

Divisional manager - Alexander K. Sharmagiy.

 

Laboratory of Floriculture

Head of the laboratory - Svetlana A. Plugatar, Ph. D in Biology.

Research areas: development of theoretical principles and methods of breeding and introduction of flower and ornamental plants (Rosa L., Chrysanthemum x hortorum Bailey, Tulipa L., Hemerocallis x hybrida hort., Canna x hibrida hort., Iris hybrida hort., Clematis L., Syringa L.), development and testing of an effective system for integrated assessment of these flower and ornamental crops. Study of ecological and biological features of flower and ornamental plants.

 

Flower Crops Growing Sector

Divisional manager - Tamara P. Golubeva.

 

Sector of Greenhouse Complex

Divisional manager - Ekaterina G. Yurkovskaya.

 

Laboratory of Entomology and Phytopathology

Head of the laboratory - Alexander K. Sharmagiy.

РMain area of work: development of theoretical foundations for ensuring sustainable development and epidemic safety of garden and fruit plantations by regulating the number of pests and the harmfulness of pathogens in perennial agrocenoses.

Topics:

1. Study of the regularities of formation and functioning of the complex of pests and pathogens of fruit and garden agrocenoses.

2. Development of methods for control of fruit and garden agriculture.

3. Creation of a system of phytosanitary monitoring in the fruit and park plantations of the Crimea.

 

Laboratory of Landscape Architecture and Ethnobotanical Research

Head of the laboratory, Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Elena Vladimirovna Golosova.

Research directions:

Research into the historical and theoretical foundations of landscape and decorative gardening. Research of landscape-ecological and architectural features of park communities. Study of the problems of reconstruction and restoration of parks. Development of principles for exhibiting plants in botanical gardens. Development of theoretical and practical foundations for the use of plants in the landscaping of populated areas. Ethnobotanical research.

 

 

DEPARTMENT OF FRUIT CROPS

 

Head of the Department – Sergey Yu. Khokhlov, Ph. D in Agriculture.

 

The main directions of scientific activity are:

1. Introduction of cultivars and forms of fruit crops from various natural regions and study of the collection gene pool in order to identify sources and donors of economically valuable traits.

2. Development of new cultivars of stone, seed, nut and subtropical fruit crops for intensive gardening.

3. Improvement of existing and creation of new environmentally friendly technologies for growing high-quality fruits of seed and stone crops.

4. Creation of new technological developments for growing high-quality planting material.

5. Improvement of technologies of long storage of fruits.

6. Development projects under the establishment of the modern high-intensity perennial plantings.

 

Laboratory of Southern Fruit and Nut Crops

Head of the laboratory – Sergey Yu. Tsiupka, Ph. D in Agriculture.

 

Sector of Fruit, Subtropical and Nut Crops Collections

Divisional manager – Valery A. Chelombit.

 

Sector of Processing of Vegetative Raw Materials of Southern and Subtropical Fruit Crops

Divisional manager – Maria N. Antipova.

 

Laboratory of Steppe Orchard Management

Head of the laboratory – Lyubov A. Lukicheva, Ph. D in Biology.

 

Sector of Steppe Orchard Crops

Divisional manager – Tamara V. Grigorieva

 

 

DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL CULTURES AND BIOACTIVE SUBSTANCES

 

Head of the Department - Alexander M. Yarosh, Doctor of Medical Sciences.

 

Laboratory of Aromatic Plants and Herbs

Head of the Laboratory - Oxana M. Shevchuk, Doctor of Biological Sciences.

The laboratory researches introduction and breeding of aromatic plants and herbs, develops agrological recommendations to grow them in the Southern Coast of the Crimea and in the South of Russia. The development features, morphological parameters, the main economical indices (yield, a mass share of an ether oil) and an ether oil component composition of oily an aromatic plants are; as well as the development peculiarities, maintenance and the spectrum of bioactive substances in the herb plant raw materials.

 

Sector of Aromatic and Medicinal Plants collections

Divisional manager - Andrey P. Divakov

 

Laboratory of Plant Reproductive Biology and Physiology

Head of the laboratory - Anfisa E. Paliy, Ph. D in Biology.

Research directions.

For the purpose of solving the problem to preserve and increase a biological diversity the laboratory does the research:

1. Studies biology of rare and disappearing Crimean flora species development, reproducing and propagation.

2. Discoveries the features of formation the systems of rare and disappearing Crimean flora species development, reproducing and propagation and develops the ways to optimize their natural reproducing; repatriates the obtaining plants.

3. Develops the ways to optimize and preserve a biological diversity of rare and disappearing Crimean flora species.

5. Studies the features of physiological and morphometric parameters of the Southern fruit and ornamental plants in connection with necessity to discover the protective properties of low temperature stability and find out the species, which are promising for a horticulture development in the Southern regions of the Russian Federation.

6. Evaluation of a true value of draught - and frost-resistant species on the level of initial mother plants, as well as on the level of cell cultures; identification of the main mechanisms and markers of resistance to abiotic and biotic factors.

 

Core Facilities Center of Physiological and Biochemical methods of Research of Plant Objects (CFC FBR PO)

Chief - Anfisa E. Paliy, Ph. D in Biology.

 

Sector of Structural Botany and Reproductive Biology

Divisional manager – Svetlana V. Shevchenko, Doctor of Biological Sciences.

 

Laboratory of Human Phytorehabilitation

Head of the Laboratory - Farkhad M. Melikov, Ph. D in Pharmaceutical Sciences.

The laboratory does research in two main directions (the third one is in prospect):

1. Aromatic therapy

- Study of a plant (which grow and are cultivated in Russia, in the Crimea especially) ether oil influence on a human psychological - emotional state and its correction possibilities by the use of natural ether oils and their compositions.

The research takes place in Simferopol and Yalta social service centers, other Crimean institutions. The contract on a scientific cooperation with the S.A. Georgievsky Crimean Medical Academy has been concluded.

2. Phytotherapy

- groundwork of tea recipes, bioactive additives, cosmetics and prophylactics from Russian plant raw material and especially from Crimean one.

- searching for new promising plants which are the sources of ether oils and other bioactive substances, introduction and culture of these plants (in collaboration with Laboratory of Aromatic Plants and Herbs).

- research and development of a normative technical documentation (NTD) for a raw material, teas, food and bioactive additives, cosmetics and prophylactics. The contract on a scientific cooperation with Federal State-Funded Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education Volgograd Medical University and its Pyatigorsk branch has been concluded.

3. Production (in prospect)

- groundwork of the proposals for a small-serial plant production and a prophylactic one.

- establishing of a small-serial production of plant foods.

 

Laboratory for Mathematical Modeling of Biological Systems and Processes

Head of the laboratory - Valery A. Shishkin, Ph. D in Technical Sciences.

 

 

DEPARTMENT OF PLANT DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOSAFETY

 

Head of the Department Irina V. Mitrofanova, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Corresponding Member of the RAS

 

Laboratory of Plant Biotechnology and Virology

Head of the Laboratory Irina V. Mitrofanova, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Corresponding Member of the RAS.

Research directions:

1. Biological study of cultured cells, tissues, growth and differentiation features in vitro of subtropical and stone fruit crops, ornamental, essential oil and medicinal plants.

2. Morphogenesis in in vitro: culture: somatic embryogenesis and organogenesis of subtropical, fruit, ornamental and medicinal crops; creation of artificial seeds.

3. Restoration of the number of relict endemics, rare and endangered plant species of wild flora using developed systems of plant regeneration in vitro.

4. Acceleration of the introduction process by multiplying in vitro new species, cultivars presented in single copies and difficult to propagate by traditional methods.

5. Creating and maintaining an in vitro gene bank in the form of slow-growing collections and depositing valuable genetic plasma of subtropical and stone fruit, ornamental, essential oil, medicinal crops, relict endemics and other plants.

6. Creating a cryobank of wild species and cultivated cultivars and forms of plants.

7. in vitro breeding and development of recipient plant systems in vitro;

8. Creation of a system of virus-free crop production based on:

а) monitoring of viral and bacterial phytopathogens in garden and park agrocenoses, their comprehensive diagnostics, identification, accounting and development of measures to prevent and limit the spread of diseases;

b) development of new highly effective technologies for health improvement and modern rapid methods of mass diagnostics of viruses;

c) development of a strategy for non-traditional breeding for disease resistance and viral infection-resistant forms of subtropical and stone fruit crops, flower-ornamental and medicinal plants using biotechnology and genetic engineering.

9. Conduction of molecular genetic studies of plant species and cultivars, certification of collections of the NBG-NSC.

 

"Scientific center of biotechnology, genomics and plant deposition" (USI "PHYTOBIOGEN")

Head of USI - Irina V. Mitrofanova, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Corresponding Member of the RAS.

 

Laboratory of Plant Genomics and Bioinformatics

Head of the laboratory - Valentina A. Brailko, Ph. D in Biology.

 

 

DEPARTMENT OF PLANT BIOENGINEERING AND FUNCTIONAL GENOMICS

 

Head of the Department Sergey V. Dolgov, Doctor of Biological Sciences.

 

Laboratory of Plant Bioengineering

Head of the laboratory – Pavel A. Khvatkov, Ph. D in Biology.

The main direction is to create new forms with stability to abiotic and biotic factors and get a genetic diversity of garden cultures using bioengineering methods.

 

Laboratory of Plant Bioengineering and Functional Genomics

Head of the laboratory – Vladimir V. Likhovskoy, Doctor of Biological Sciences.

 

BRANCH “CRIMEAN GARDENING EXPERIMENTAL STATION”
(Malen’koe village, Novy Sad village, the Simferopol district)

 

Head of the Branch Alexander I. Sotnik, Ph. D in Agriculture.

 

Research directions:

- study of the fruit and nut cultures’ collection funds;

- creation of new fruit and berry species and study of the introductive home ones;

- improvement of the extant technologies and creation of new ecologic safe ones to grow high quality seed and stone cultures;

- creation of the new technologies to grow a high quality planting material;

- improvement of the long-term fruit storage technology;

- A project groundwork of a modern highly intensive long-term planting.

 

Laboratory of Breeding and Cultivar Research

Head of the laboratory – Raisa D. Babina, Ph. D in Agriculture.

 

Laboratory of Technology of Fruit Crops Growing

Head of the laboratory – Nina A. Babintseva, Ph. D in Agriculture.

 

Laboratory of Nursery Management

Head of the laboratory – Valentina V. Tankevich, Ph. D in Agriculture.

 

Seed Production Laboratory

Head of the laboratory – Nikolay M. Makrushin, Doctor of Agricultural Sciences.

 

Pedology and Biochemistry Sector

Divisional manager – Nadezhda N. Gorb, Ph. D in Biology.

 

Floriculture Sector

Divisional manager – Lyudmila M. Aleksandrova, Ph. D in Biology.

 

Collection Care Sector

Divisional manager – Petr M. Gorkavchuk

 

 

BRANCH “CRIMEAN POMOLOGICAL STATION”
(Sevastopol, the Nakhimov district, Dal’nee village)

 

Head of the Branch – German M. Romanov

 

Laboratory of Piedmont Gardening

Head of the laboratory - Valentin P. Demchenko

 

 

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING AND NURSERY MANAGEMENT OF ORNAMENTAL PLANTS “PRIMORSKOE”
(Partenit village)

 

Head of the Department -Vladimir A. Goncharenko.

 

Laboratory of Nursery Management of Ornamental and Subtropical Plants

Head of the laboratory - Vladimir A. Goncharenko.

 

Sector for Servicing for Collections and Nursery of Ornamental, Subtropical Fruit and Nut Crops

Divisional manager – E.A. Shilovskaya.

 

 

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING AND NURSERY MANAGEMENT “DZHANKOY INTRODUCTION AND QUARANTINE NURSERY”
(Medvedevka village, the Dzhankoi district)

 

Head of the Department - Dmitry Alekseevich Chelombit.

 

Collection Care Sector

 

Floriculture Sector

 

 

RESEARCH LIBRARY

 

Chief Librarian – Lyudmila V. Duganova.